A conurbation refers to a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that through population growth and physical expansion have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area.
The towns have no clear demarcations or boundaries between them as it
all becomes one large urban area.
The growth of a conurbation in many cases reflects the rates of urbanization, urban development as well as the levels of development of the country.
EFFECTS OF CONURBATIONS
Positive effects of the conurbation
- Offer market to both agricultural and industrial products due to high population and incomes.
- To promote better social services to the people living in the area.
- The reduced population pressure in the rural areas as many people migrates to the urban centers.
- Provision of employment opportunities to a great number of people both skilled and nonskilled because of many economic activities in the area.
- Provision of security since they tend to be more secure compared to the countryside.
- Conurbations promote innovations and inventions through stiff competition for resources and other facilities.
- Promotes industrialization because of the provision of the market, labor, and other locational advantages.
- Promotes unity and cooperation among the people.
- It widens the tax base of the municipal or town authorities as well as the government.
- There is maximum utilization of resources for example land is optimally used.
- It is an index of development as it shows a higher level of urban development as towns merge with others.
- Promotes tourism development as many people flock to such urban centers for various attractions they are in, that is high-rise buildings or skyscrapers, amusement parks, public parks, and the fact that urban dwellers have higher disposable incomes allowing them to engage in luxuries like tourism.
Negatives effects of conurbations
- High crime rates.
- Increased pollution levels and that is water, air, and noise.
- Overcrowding or congestion in public parks and other public places.
- Environmental degradation for example swamp reclamation.
- The increased cost of living.
- Development of slums and shanty settlements.
- Inadequate social services.
- Traffic congestion and accidents.
- Reduction of agricultural, recreational due to urban spiral.
- Easy spread of diseases for example cholera, Ebola.
- Moral degeneration is prostitution, drug abuse trafficking, kidnappings.