Environmental problems caused by mining activities in East Africa

Environmental problems caused by mining activities in East africa




Mining is the extraction of natural resources from the earth’s crust for economic use

The following Environmental problems caused by mining

  • Mining also leads to destruction of land which could have been used for agriculture e.g. by depositing rock debris after rock blasts.
  • Mining also leads to swamp reclamation hence destructing the water cycle e.g. quarrying of clay and sand.
  • Mining also leads to silting of river valleys which causes floods.
  • It leads to destruction of natural beauty by leaving behind large pits.
  • It has led to loss of property through displacement of people near mining areas.
  • Mining is risky it has involved suffocation of miners underground or burying them underground.
  • It has led to neglect of agriculture which leads to outbreak of famine.




  • It leads to soil erosion especially in highland areas where trees are cleared leading to soil infertility.
  • Mining also leads to landslides in highland regions which destroy human property and life.
  • It leads to air pollution during mineral processing especially limestone e.g. at Tororo.
  • Leads to deforestation especially when trees are cut to expose the minerals.
  • Open cast mining leaves behind large depressions/pits which in turn become mosquito breeding grounds.
  • Mining also leads to water pollution which destroys habitats for aquatic animals e.g. copper pyrites are deposited in the wetlands of Lake George and Lake Edward.
  • Mining causes noise pollution because of the explosives used to break rocks e.g. stone quarrying in muyenga.

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