PROBLEMS FACING TOURISM INDUSTRY IN EAST AFRICA
- Poaching of wildlife has reduced the number of animals in National parks and Game reserves yet they are East Africas major attractions.
- Inadequate supply of skilled man power to handle wildlife and hotel management which therefore makes service provision very poor hence chasing away tourists.
- Inadequate capital for investment to set up roads, good accommodation facilities and to carry out research.
- Hostile tribes in East Africa e.g. the Masai and Karamojong scare away some of the tourists which limits the number of tourists that flow into East Africa.
- Low levels of advertisement which has made people unaware of the existence of tourist attractions in the countries hence reducing on the number of intending visitors and tourists.
- The high population growth rate which has resulted into increased demand for land leading to deforestation hence destruction of habitats for wildlife.
- Political instabilities in some parts of the East African countries have scared away tourists.
- Pests and diseases e.g. tsetse flies, mosquitoes which carry diseases like sleeping sickness, malaria for humans hence scaring away tourists and also reducing on the animal population.
SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS
- Eviction of encroachers and reduction of human settlement within the surroundings of the game reserves and National parks to reduce poaching.
- Setting up of anti-poaching squads to reduce on poaching to increase the animal population.
- Regular patrols and supervision should be done to protect the animals from poachers.
- Increased advertisement should be done through radio programs, TVs, News papers, magazines both within and abroad to increase on the level of awareness about tourism potentials within the region.
- The government should improve on the accessibility of tourist potentials e.g. Rehabilitation of roads for better transport.
- Educating the local people about the values of wild life and environmental conservation to reduce on the level of poaching and deforestation.
- Encouraging the local people to use family planning methods so as to control population growth and reduce the negative effects like deforestation.
The government should fight corruption so that the resources allocated to the tourism industry are put into proper use.