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Problems facing the transport sector in East Africa
- Inadequate capital to establish and improve the transport and communication networks.
- Inadequate skilled manpower to help in the construction of transport and communication networks.
- Low levels of technology used to construct transport and communication lines.
- Steep relief in mountainous regions which makes it expensive to construct roads and railways.
- Physical barriers e.g. rivers, forests and deserts make the construction of transport lines very difficult.
- Harsh climatic conditions e.g. heavy rains lead to floods hence making roads impassable while mist and fog hinder air and water transport.
- Political instability e.g. wars make road construction very difficult and also during the wars, roads and railway lines are destroyed.
- Corruption and embezzlement of funds by ministry of transport and communication officials hence leading to poor roads.
- Poor government policies whereby roads, waterways and airfields are only constructed in areas where prominent politicians come from and other areas are neglected.
- Differences in political ideology whereby countries impose strict restrictions and deny easy access to sea ports by land locked countries e.g. Uganda.
- Areas with clay soils have made road construction very difficult and expensive.
- Its very expensive to compensate people incase their land is to be taken by government to expand existing roads.