PROBLEMS FACING FISHING IN EAST AFRICA

PROBLEMS FACING FISHING IN EAST AFRICA

  • Limited capital to modernize the fishing industry.
  • Most of the fishing grounds like Lake Albert and Turkana are in remote areas that are inaccessible.
  • Limited market for fish due to low income or cultural norms e.g. among the Bahima.
  • Limited fish species of commercial value which reduces international demand.
  • Overfishing and indiscriminate fishing through the use of beach seining method which leads to catching of young fish.
  • Excessive high temperature creates preservation difficulties.
  • Political instability especially in Uganda which has scared away foreign investors.
  • The threat of crocodiles especially on Lake Kyoga which scare away fishermen.
  • Poor transport network linking to fishing grounds which leads to delays in delivery.
  • Water hyacinth especially on Lake Victoria and Kyoga chokes fish to death.
  • Competition with other fish producing countries like Norway Japan leads to an inadequate market.
  • Undesirable fishing methods like fish poisoning causes health risks to the local people.
  • Inter- territory conflict since some fishing grounds are found at borders e.g. Lake Albert, Lake Victoria, Tanganyika, and Lake Malawi.
  • Reduction of Tilapia due to the presence of Nile perch which eats them away.
  • Some fishing grounds are too deep and hence does not favour fish multiplication.
  • Water pollution by industries e.g. Nile breweries which cause the death of the fish.
  • Post fishing losses e.g. theft of their nets and fish catch.

STEPS THAT HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO SOLVE PROBLEMS FACING FISHING

  • Formation of Ministry of fisheries to control fishing activities in the country.
  • Formation of fishing cooperatives for advice, loans, and easy marketing.
  • Educating the public about the value of the fish as a source of proteins and vitamins to increase its market.
  • Removal of the water hyacinth by using chemicals to provide enough oxygen for the fish.
  • There is construction and rehabilitation of road networks linking to fish grounds to improve fish deliveries.
  • Treatment of sewage and industrial wastes to reduce water pollution.
  • Setting strict laws prohibiting illegal fishing methods like poisoning and indiscriminate nets to protect the young fish.
  • Introduction of modern fish preservation methods like freezing and canning by extending power to rural areas.
  • Regular police patrols to reduce theft on water bodies.
  • Introduction of commercial and high-value fish species e.g. Nile Perch which have a large market.
  • Increased importation of fishing facilities such as motorboats and motor engines to increase efficiency.
  • Construction of on-site fish processing plants e.g. Masese in Jinja and at Ggaba near Kampala to prevent fish from going bad.
  • Artificial rearing of fish in ponds to reduce depletion of some species e.g. at Kajjansi and Entebbe.

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