Importance of nomadic pastoralism to the economy of East Africa
- Source of human food with valuable proteins e.g. milk, meat/beef, and blood.
- It is a source of income to the pastoralists by selling farm products hence improving their standards of living.
- It is a source of employment e.g. through trade hence providing a livelihood for many people.
- It is a source of government revenue for setting up roads through taxing livestock transporters and dairy factories.
- The government earns foreign exchange used for setting up hospitals by exporting animal products e.g. hides and skins.
- It has helped to diversify the economy of East Africa hence ensuring constant capital inflow and reduced dependency on crop growing.
- Nomadic pastoralism has provided raw materials for industries that provide jobs e.g. meat packers and the leather tanning industry.
- It has helped to put idle land into use hence reducing resource wastage e.g. Karamoja region.
- Animals are used as beasts of burden e.g. for transport and for pulling ox-plows hence promoting farming.
- Animal wastes are used as a source of fuel e.g. cow dung is used for bio-gas hence offering alternative sources of energy.
- Source of wealth for social and economic status e.g. bridewealth hence promoting cultural conservation.
Nomadic pastoralism is still practiced by a number of communities in East Africa such as the Maasai and the Sukuma tribes.
Nomadic pastoralism is one of the major economic activities in East Africa, however, governments are pushing for the modern way of rearing battles to protect the environment and enable the pastoralists to generate more income
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