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Importance of nomadic pastoralism to the economy of East Africa
- Source of human food with valuable proteins e.g. milk, meat/beef, and blood.
- It is a source of income to the pastoralists by selling farm products hence improving their standards of living.
- It is a source of employment e.g. through trade hence providing a livelihood for many people.
- It is a source of government revenue for setting up roads through taxing livestock transporters and dairy factories.
- The government earns foreign exchange used for setting up hospitals by exporting animal products e.g. hides and skins.
- It has helped to diversify the economy of East Africa hence ensuring constant capital inflow and reduced dependency on crop growing.
- Nomadic pastoralism has provided raw materials for industries that provide jobs e.g. meat packers and the leather tanning industry.
- It has helped to put idle land into use hence reducing resource wastage e.g. Karamoja region.
- Animals are used as beasts of burden e.g. for transport and for pulling ox-plows hence promoting farming.
- Animal wastes are used as a source of fuel e.g. cow dung is used for bio-gas hence offering alternative sources of energy.
- Source of wealth for social and economic status e.g. bridewealth hence promoting cultural conservation.