Effects of industrial development on the environment in East Africa

Effects of industrial development on environment in East Africa




The following are Effects of industrial development on the environment in East Africa

  • Atmospheric pollution through industrial fumes and dust especially by the cigarette making, cement making, and textile industries.
  • Noise pollution by industrial machines.
  • Water pollution through the disposal of industrial wastes in water bodies e.g. Lake Victoria.
  • Encroachment on swamps distorts the water cycle because swamps help in filtering water.
  • Clearing of forests like at Namanve and Mabira for industrial space which leads to desertification.
  • Destruction of habitat for wild animals and birds through deforestation and swamp reclamation.
  • Led to an increase in the value of land which has limited land for expansion of settlements.




  • Development of slums with their associated evils like prostitution e.g. in Kibera near Nairobi and Katwe near Kampala.
  • The construction of many buildings and tarmac roads has led to increasing in world temperatures which leads to global warming.
  • They have promoted rural-urban migration which has reduced food production in villages leading to food insecurity.




  • Industrial fumes have led to the formation of acid rains near towns which dont support crop growing.
  • Through deforestation, rainfall totals have greatly reduced which has led to long dry spells and drought.

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