Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea and Red sea covering a distance of 160km. It was constructed in 1969 by a French company.
It has a width of 62 km depth of 10 m it accommodates 20,000 ships, 80,000 tonnes in a year and it is used by European countries, Middle East countries for handling exports and imports.
The following are the Negative effects of the Suez Canal
- Conflicts and tension like a crisis between France and Britain promoting the scramble for Africa.
- Urban problems like slums increased the cost of living, and around port Sayyid, Alexandras.
- Promotion of accidents destroying people and property due to strong waves.
- Profit repatriation by the French company causing capital outflow.
- Environmental degradation because of the construction work of ports canals.
- Pollution because of heavy traffic, many people, industries.
- Increased costs of maintenance and rehabilitation affecting other activities.
- A regional imbalance like port Sayyid, Alexandria, the Persian Gulf causing economic problems.
- Overexploitation of resources like oil, iron ore in the Sinai Peninsula.
- Congestion at port Sayyid, Alexandria because of heavy traffic, many passengers causing inconveniences and delays.
- Displacement of people and activities by gazetting areas discouraging settlement and agriculture.