Mining is the extraction of natural resources from the earth’s crust for economical use
Importance of mining to East Africa
- Governments earn foreign exchange used for national development through the exportation of minerals to other countries.
- Governments earn revenue by taxing the workers within the mining sector used for the development of infrastructure e.g. roads.
- It has led to the development of urban centres e.g. Tororo, Kasese, Mombasa and Kakamega hence promoting regional balance.
- Creation of employment opportunities for the people which boosts their standards of living e.g. engineers.
- It leads to the development of infrastructures e.g. schools and hospitals which lead to urbanization.
- Improvement of international relations through trade which promotes world peace e.g. between Japan and Uganda.
- This leads to the diversification of the economy which increases government revenue and ensures constant capital inflow.
- It leads to the development of industries that process the minerals leading to economic diversification e.g. Tororo cement industry.
- It leads to the development of agriculture through the provision of the market for food from neighbouring communities e.g. in Kasese.
- Roads and railway lines are constructed which lead to easy movement of goods and services.