Importance of mining to East Africa

Importance of mining industry to East Africa




Mining is the extraction of natural resources from the earth’s crust for economical use

Importance of mining to East Africa

  • Governments earn foreign exchange used for national development through the exportation of minerals to other countries.
  • Governments earn revenue by taxing the workers within the mining sector used for the development of infrastructure e.g. roads.
  • It has led to the development of urban centres e.g. Tororo, Kasese, Mombasa and Kakamega hence promoting regional balance.
  • Creation of employment opportunities for the people which boosts their standards of living e.g. engineers.




  • It leads to the development of infrastructures e.g. schools and hospitals which lead to urbanization.
  • Improvement of international relations through trade which promotes world peace e.g. between Japan and Uganda.
  • This leads to the diversification of the economy which increases government revenue and ensures constant capital inflow.
  • It leads to the development of industries that process the minerals leading to economic diversification e.g. Tororo cement industry.
  • It leads to the development of agriculture through the provision of the market for food from neighbouring communities e.g. in Kasese.
  • Roads and railway lines are constructed which lead to easy movement of goods and services.