MARKETING GARDENING is the production of vegetables, fruits, and flowers for sale in nearby towns and cities.
It is mainly carried out near towns due to readily available market in towns.
Crops grown include tomatoes, Onions, carrots, apples, pineapples, cabbages, oranges, beans, etc…
In E.Africa, it is highly developed in Kenya and particularly in Nairobi.
Most of the market garden centers supplying Nairobi are found in Limuru, Kiambu and Kinango plateau.
Other areas where market gardens are found are Machakos, Baringo district, Kakamega, Eldoret, Kitale, Mombasa and around Kisumu.
It’s also important around Arusha, Moshi, Bukoba, Dodoma and Dar-es-salaam in Tanzania.
In Uganda, it is common around Kampala in places like Mukono, Entebbe, Wakiso, Kayunga, Mpigi, and also in Jinja.
Factors favouring market gardening
- Moderately cool climate for the growing of vegetables, flowers, and fruits.
- Fertile and well-drained soils for the growth of the crops.
- A large and ready market for the products provided by the people in the city.
- Availability of adequate capital to invest in buying farm equipment.
- Presence of well-developed transport network like airports and roads for delivering goods since they are perishables.
- Advancement in science and bio-chemical technology for better yields e.g. application of fertilizers.
- Presence of abundant skilled labour force to works on the farms.