10 C0NDITIONS FAVOURING COFFEE FARMING IN EAST AFRICA

10 C0NDITIONS FAVOURING COFFEE FARMING IN EAST AFRICA




Coffee is the chief exchange earner crop of Uganda but Kenya is the biggest producer in East Africa. There are two types of coffee;

C0NDITIONS FAVOURING COFFEE FARMING IN EAST AFRICA

Arabica coffee is mainly grown on the slopes of mountain Elgon, Rukungiri, Kabarole, Kabale, Aberdare ranges, Mt. Kenya, Kilimanjaro slopes, Mt. Usambara, and Mt. Meru near Arusha and Moshi.




Robusta coffee is mainly grown along the Lake Victoria basin covering districts like Mukono, Mityana, Masaka, and Rakai in Uganda. It’s also grown in Bushenyi, Nebbi, Kapchorwa, Masindi, Hoima, Busia, and Fort Portal. In Tanzania, it’s grown around Bukoba and in the southern highlands.




The following are conditions for the growth of coffee

presence of suitable soil for coffee farming

Fertile and well-drained soils i.e. alluvial for Robusta and Volcanic for Arabica for growing the crop.

rainfall requirement

it is generally considered that the best amount of annual rainfall for arabica coffee is between 1400 and 2400 mm, though the range between 800 and 4200 mm remains acceptable.




it is important that rains are well distributed over the season or are continuous for about 7 to 8 months.

the nature of the rainy season in terms of length and intensity of the rainy is a key ecological factor determining the interval between flowering and seed maturation.

likewise, when the annual rainfall exceeds 3000 mm leaf diseases from fungal infections develop more easily.




protection from strong wind

Protection from strong winds by practicing agroforestry.

application of pesticides

Alternate spraying to control pests and diseases e.g. the coffee berry.




availability of labour

Cheap and abundant labour is needed especially during the harvesting season.

availability of capital

Adequate capital is needed for buying fertilizers, pesticides, and farm implements.

presence of conducive temperature

the optimum temperature means the annual temperature for coffee farming ranges from 18 to 22 degrees centigrade.




temperature above 23 degrees centigrade accelerates the development and ripening of fruits and can provoke loss of physical and beverage quality.

high temperature above 30 degrees centigrade during blossoming associated with the prolonged dry season may cause abortion of flowers

the best quality arabica coffee is grown at higher elevations with less extreme weather conditions and milder average temperatures




these include tropical mountainous regions with significant elevation such as Kenya and Tanzania and the tropics in Mexico and Guatemala

under ideal condition arabica prefers a low atmospheric humidity comparable to that of the Ethiopian highlands

for robusta and canilon coffees the optimum annual mean temperature ranges from 22 to 30 degrees centigrade.

hence, the crop is better adapted to higher temperatures than arabica coffee.




these coffee varieties grow successfully under high air humidity conditions approaching saturation.

they tolerate less humid sites provided the dry season is short

presence of conducive landscape

Presence of extensive and gently sloping land for the growing of the crop.

availability of market for the coffee




Availability of ready market both local and international.

READ MORE

Published by

mwaikusa

IAM experienced geography teacher with more than three years of teaching and creating content related to geography and other subjects for both high school and college students. hope you will find the content of this website useful to your studies and daily life

5 thoughts on “10 C0NDITIONS FAVOURING COFFEE FARMING IN EAST AFRICA”

  1. Pingback: 9 uses of coffee

Comments are closed.