8 CHARACTERISTICS OF MONTANE CLIMATE

8 CHARACTERISTICS OF MONTANE CLIMATE




MONTANE CLIMATE is experienced in highlands and mountainous regions of East Africa. Examples of these areas include; Kikuyu land (Mt. Kenya), Chagga land (Mt. Kilimanjaro), Bugisu land (Mt. Elgon), and Kigezi land.

The following are characteristics of montane climate

  • The temperature decreases with an increase in height or altitude.
  • They receive relief or orographic rainfall mainly on the windward side of highlands.
  • The tops of the mountains do not receive as much rain as the lower slopes.
  • Where altitude exceeds 4500m above sea level, the areas are covered by permanent snow/glaciers e.g. Mt. Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Rwenzori.




  • The leeward slopes are often dry due to the rain shadow effect e.g. Kasese and Ankole-Masaka corridor.
  • Lower slopes are warmer than higher slopes.
The following are characteristics of montane climate
The temperature decreases with an increase in height or altitude.
They receive relief or orographic rainfall mainly on the windward side of highlands.
The tops of the mountains do not receive as much rain as the lower slopes.
Where altitude exceeds 4500m above sea level, the areas are covered by permanent snow/glaciers e.g. Mt. Kenya, Kilimanjaro, and Rwenzori.

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