Characterisitcs of coniferous forest or temperate taiga forest

Coniferous forests are found in high latitudes like 10 degrees north or south of the equator, like in the temperate region, polar region. Coniferous or taiga forests are found in countries such as Finland, Sweden, Norway, Canada and Russia.



The following are characteristics of coniferous of taiga forests:

  • They are found far from equators like in Sweden, Canada and Finland
  • They have few and limited species
  • They have needle-shaped leaves to reduce water loss through transpiration, for example, pine trees
  • Their fruits and stems have a hard and rough surface to reduce destruction by wet conditions



  • They don’t have buttress roots because they are short and light and have no need for support
  • They are mostly found near rivers and at the coast and they decline as you move northward because of cold desert
  • They are short and small with a height of 10 to 15 metres because of infertile soil
  • They are less concentrated because of infertile soil
  • They have softwood species like western hemlock, balsamtur and cedar
  • They have a short gestation period of 10 to 15 years because they are softwood



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