what is environment management?
Environment management is effective planning and control of processes and activities that would cause deterioration of the environment so as to achieve effective utilization
what is environmental conservation?
environment conservation on the other hand is the protection and preservation of natural resources from destruction and wastage by careful use of the environment for continued utilization
The following are reasons why it is necessary to manage and conserve the environment
Protection of water catchment areas
destruction of water catchment areas lead to drying of water sources and this can make water scarce and make life difficult. conservation of environment through afforestation and reafforestation and restricting human activities in catchment areas can help preserve water sources and protect the ecosystem of these areas
protected environments are attractive and can lead to tourism activities which in turn can lead to an increase in income to the local population and earning of foreign exchange to the nation in case tourists from other countries visit.
for example, the magoroto forest in tanga Tanzania which is preserved forest attract both local and foreign tourists who go there to relax and bird watching
curb global warming
forests and other vegetations are responsible for absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen into the atmosphere.
therefore environmental management and conservation is important because they help to reduce carbon dioxide from the atmosphere which is one of the factors which lead to an increase in global average temperature (global warming)
protection of endangered species of flora and fauna
management of the environment is important in protecting and thriving the endangered species due to the fact that their existence depends on the stability of the ecosystem.
ensure a better life for the future generation
sustain future human life by protecting resources
ensure an adequate supply of food
conservation of the environment ensures that there is enough rainfall which is an important factor in increasing agricultural harvest, especially in developing countries.