Importance of shifting cultivation

Importance of shifting cultivation

Shifting cultivation is the subsistence method of farming involving farmers moving from one place to another when soil loses fertility. It is mostly practised in sparsely populated areas like equator regions, the tropics for example Zambia DRC Congo, Brazil, Argentina, Zimbabwe, India, Indonesia and Venezuela

The following are importance of shifting cultivation:

  • the system is simple to use because of simple technology and no need of training like peasant in rural areas
  • improvement in transport and communication like the rural feeder roads and social services in areas occupied by the farmer
  • source of food like cereal and annual crops reducing the danger of hunger, malnutrition and food import
  • mixed inter cropping reduce soil exhaustion e.g beans and maize
  • the farmer get enough time for other activities like hunting, fishing, art and craft
  • it is less expensive because of using simple tools like hoes, pangas using family labour
  • bush burning destroys pest and diseases as well as weeds and it adds soil nutrients like potassium
  • the land regains fertility naturally by abandoning, there is no use of fertilizers
  • the cracks created by burning and during cultivation encourages the penetration of air and water for the living organisms in the soil which helps in soil formation
  • provision of employment opportunities like the farmers leading to increased standard of living like in Zambia Brazil and India

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