intensive commercial farming is the growing of crops and rearing of animals on a small piece of land using scientific and modern methods of farming leading to high production. it is mostly practiced in densely populated countries, near urban centres. example of intensive commercial farming includes horticulture farming and market gardening.
The following are characteristics of intensive commercial farming
- land is not allowed to rest because of population pressure
- they use labour intensive technology because of small plots
- fertilizers are used in this system
- they grow cereals and annual crops
- they rear animals for milk and its products which are perishable therefore they need good transport.
- they use supplementary feed from factories for livestock (factory farming). Since the aim of intensive commercial farming is to farm for profit, the farmers use food from factories to fatten their livestock in order to increase yields and subsequently profit
- crops and animals are for commercial purpose. Unlike subsistence farming commercial farming aim at rearing of animals and crop cultivation for profit instead of domestic use
- farms are small that is 3 to 6 hectares because of increased population density. Intensive commercial farming is practised in areas of high population pressure or limited land therefore the plots of farms are small
- production per unit area is high because of using modern and scientific method of farming. In intensive commercial farming a substantive amount of capital is injected in the farm to facilitate high yield this leads to high productivity