The following are characteristics of commercial livestock farming:
- The animal product is usually for sale for both domestic and foreign markets
- Commercial ranching leads to the growth of towns that act as slaughtering, processing, and packing centers.
- Transport network such as roads and railways are set up to link the ranches to towns
- There is little or no migration. This is because food supplies are permanent or are supplemented by fodder crops. The ranches may be large but the ranchers live on permanent houses
- the ranches are scientifically managed and high-quality animals are reared through selective breeding and shortage of pastures are supplemented by the cultivation of feedstuffs
- there is continuous cover of green pastures of either native grasses or resown selected grasses for example alfalfa, Lucerne and clovers