9 difference between rotational bush fallowing and shifting cultivation

9 difference between rotational bush fallowing and shifting cultivation

rotational bush fallowing is an advanced form of shifting cultivation replacing tradition shifting cultivation because of population increase leading to scarcity of land and need for agricultural modernisation. it involves farmers moving from one plot to another when land loses fertility but on the same area on rotational basis

on the other hand, shifting cultivation is the subsistence farming involving farmers moving from on place to another when the soil loses fertility. it is mostly practised in sparsely populated areas.

The following are difference between rotational bush fallowing and shifting cultivation

  • In shifting cultivation there is specialization in arable farming whereas in rotational bush fallowing there is livestock keeping
  • in rotational bush fallowing villages are demarcated and settlement are permanent whereas in shifting cultivation settlement and land demarcations are temporary
  • in shifting cultivation land returns to forest and woodland while in rotational bush fallowing it does not because it takes short time
  • rotational bush fallowing is practised in areas with increasing population while shifting cultivation is practised in sparsely populated areas like in Congo and Zambia
  • in rotational bush fallowing the plots are well defined and there is fixed system of rotation whereas in shifting cultivation the system is haphazard
  • in rotational bush fallowing there is proper land use management and the use of some soil conservation measures whereas in shifting cultivation land is poorly managed
  • in rotational bush fallowing land ownership is private whereas in shifting cultivation land ownership is communal
  • in rotational bush fallowing they are applying some modern and scientific methods of farming whereas in shifting no modern and scientific method are applied to boost production
  • in shifting cultivation land regain fertility by abandoning while in bush rotational fallowing there is mixed farming

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