Steps taken to improve irrigation farming in Egypt

More than 90% of Egypt is desert which is divided into two by the Nile River. The Nile valley and delta are the main centers of settlement and cultivation. Less than 10% of Egypt’s land area is suitable for cultivation and hence the need for irrigation.

The following are steps taken to improve irrigation farming in Egypt

  • construction of water reservoir to supply water for irrigation
  • reclaiming of dry land for crop farming to increase production
  • intensive cultivation to increase the yield and thus offset the high cost of production
  • controlling weeds using herbicides and thus increasing the farm yield

  • strengthening of cooperatives to easily acquire loans to expand farms
  • hiring labor during the peak period such as harvesting
  • increasing research into better yielding, fast maturing and disease resistance varieties
  • carrying out market research to widen the export market for farm output
  • constant dredging of canals to allow efficient flow of water for irrigation
  • specialization of farming activities and thus increase in the quality of output
  • practicing mixed farming to encourage interdependence between crop and livestock
  • extension of canals and aqueducts to transfer water to the farms


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