what is urbanization

Urbanization is the process whereby an increasing number of former rural residents become residents in towns or urban centres.

It can also be defined as the process whereby rural areas develop into towns or cities. 

An urban center is a densely populated area of a city or town. It is usually characterized by a high concentration of businesses, offices, and other institutions. Urban centers are often home to a wide variety of people from different backgrounds and cultures.


The following are characteristics of the urban centre:

Trade and commerce centers with banks and insurance companies

Urban centers are typically the centers of trade and commerce in a country. They have a variety of businesses, including banks, insurance companies, shops, restaurants, and hotels. These businesses provide goods and services to the people who live and work in the urban center, as well as to people from surrounding areas.

Industrial centers e.g. Kampala and Jinja

Urban centers are also often home to industries. These industries can range from small-scale businesses to large factories. The industries in an urban center provide jobs for the people who live there, and they also contribute to the economy of the country.

They have the necessary infrastructure e.g. improved roads and hospitals

Urban centers typically have better infrastructure than rural areas. This includes things like roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, and other public facilities. The better infrastructure in urban centers makes it easier for people to get around, get the healthcare they need, and send their children to school.

There are administrative centers e.g. Dodoma and Dar es Salaam

Urban centers are often the administrative centers of a country or region. This means that they are home to government offices, courts, and other important institutions. The presence of these institutions makes urban centers important centers of power and decision-making.

They normally have high population concentrations

Urban centers typically have higher population densities than rural areas. This is because people are drawn to urban centers for the opportunities they offer, such as jobs, education, and healthcare. The high population density in urban centers can lead to problems such as traffic congestion, pollution, and crime.


They have relatively improved social amenities e.g. electricity, running water etc

Urban centers typically have better social amenities than rural areas. This includes things like electricity, running water, and sanitation. The better social amenities in urban centers make it easier for people to live comfortably and raise families.

They have residential facilities e.g. planned settlement

Urban centers typically have a variety of residential options, from high-rise apartments to single-family homes. The residential facilities in an urban center are typically planned and organized, which makes it easier for people to get around and access the services they need.

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