It is a situation in which the number of people is greater than the carrying capacity of the land and its resources. In this case the resources are fewer than the number of people and hence cannot satisfy the needs of the people in that particular area. Population pressure is related to overpopulation.
Population pressure can be mitigated by either reducing the population in relation to resources available or by increasing the capability of the population to extract the resources through improving technology and skills of the population. The population can lead to negative impacts such as hunger and starvation, overcrowding in social services, unemployment, and environmental destruction.