Factors causing high population growth rate in Africa.

Factors causing high population growth rate in Africa

The following are Factors favoring high population growth rate in Africa:

  • Limited use of family planning methods.
FACTORS FAVORING HIGH POPULATION  GROWTH RATE IN AFRICA.
  • Many people don’t use family planning methods that’s why end up with many children. This leads to high population growth rate. 
  • Decrease in death rate: There is improvement in the general levels of living, improvement in level of education of people, and improvement in the health services with increase in the number of hospitals, dispensaries and health centers, increase on the number of Doctors and nurses and other health personnel hence decrease in death rate leading to rapid growth of population.  
  • Old-age insurance: Children are considered as insurance for a good life in old ages by their parents, for that they produce more children in order to insure themselves.  
  • High infant mortality rate: Parents produce many children in Africa because of not being sure of the number of children who can survive. To avoid unwanted surprises they produce more, some die and other survive.  
  • Cultural believes for large families: Children are sources of prestige in some societies. Many people produce many children for prestigious reasons.  
  • Early marriage: Women marry at a younger age leading to a longer fertility period and more children are produced leading to rapid growth of population.  
  • Religion. Some religions preach to people not to use family planning methods to avoid unwanted pregnancies. Not using family planning results into unwanted pregnancies that lead to rapid growth of population.

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