Coastal tourism is the type of tourism that takes place on the coast or coastal area. Our case studies are drawn from coastal South Africa (Durban) and Kenya (Mombasa).
Durban in South Africa lies on the coast and it gets many tourists because of its beautiful coastal attractions. Mombasa is also a coastal town found in Kenya. Mombasa is also well known for its unique and attractive features.
The following are the advantages of coastal tourism
Major source of government revenue
Major source of government revenue which is earned through license, taxes or duties and other fees. Durban tourism contributes 2/3 of the Province GDP.
Source of foreign exchange.
Foreigners bring in the needed revenues which most countries use to pay for their imports. For example, in Botswana, we use the money for paying for food, clothing, machinery, medicine imports.
Promotion of local industry like crafts
Examples of such crafts include baskets, pottery, jewellery, leather works and paintings.
Promotes the growth of other economic sectors like Agriculture, Trade, Transport and Communication
These industries in turn provide the ed products and services to the tourism industry.
Source of employment
Durban tourism contributes 30% or 40% to the Province’s employment. As mentioned earlier in the previous topics, many people are employed in hotels, game parks and reserves, airports and so on.
Promotes development of infrastructure
This includes roads, railways, schools, health facilities, accommodation facilities.
Provides a market for locally made goods
Tourists buy locally made goods and some come and establish business relationships leading to the creation of a big market for our goods.
Coastal tourism is an important industry that brings many benefits to local communities, including jobs, income, and economic growth. It also provides opportunities for people to experience the beauty of coastal regions, and has the potential to promote sustainable development.
Coastal tourism can also have negative impacts on the environment, such as pollution and overcrowding. It is important for policymakers and tourism operators to manage the growth of coastal tourism in a sustainable way, to ensure that the benefits of coastal tourism are enjoyed by all. Overall, coastal tourism is a valuable industry that can bring many benefits to local communities and visitors alike, but it is important to be mindful of the potential negative impacts and strive to minimize them.