Coastal tourism is the type of tourism which takes place on the coast or coastal area. Our case studies are drawn from coastal South Africa (Durban) and Kenya (Mombasa). Durban in South Africa lies on the coast and it gets many tourists because of its beautiful coastal attractions. Mombasa is also a coastal town found in Kenya. Mombasa is also well known for its unique and attractive features.
The following are advantages of coastal tourism
- Major source of government revenue which is earned through license, taxes or duties and other fees. Durban tourism contributes 2/3 of the Province GDP.
- Source of foreign exchange. Foreigners bring in the needed revenues which most countries use to pay for their imports. For example, in Botswana, we use the money for paying for food, clothing, machinery, medicine imports.
- Promotion of local industry like crafts. Examples of such crafts include baskets, pottery, jewellery, leather works and paintings.
- Promotes the growth of other economic sectors like Agriculture, Trade, Transport and Communication. These industries in turn provide the much needed products and services to the tourism industry.
- Source of employment. Durban tourism contributes 30% or 40% to the Province’s employment. As mentioned earlier in the previous topics, many people are employed in hotels, game parks and reserves, airports and so on.
- Promotes development of infrastructure. This includes roads, railways, schools, health facilities, accommodation facilities.
- Provides a market for locally made goods. Tourists buy locally made goods and some come and establish business relationships leading to the creation of a big market for our goods.