Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups travelling away from home.
Negative impacts can be viewed as disadvantages or problems. The following negative impacts of tourism are common to Botswana and other countries in Africa including South Africa, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia and Tanzania.
The following are negative impact of tourism in Botswana;
- The tourism industry is 100% run by the government but there are some private companies such as Safari companies which take a lot of profit from tourism.
- Tourism is an unreliable industry. The number of tourists can fluctuate from year to year due to different problems such as shortage of money to tour by tourists.
- Like other industries the tourism industry pays Botswana lower wages since most of the higher posts are in the hands of foreigners.
- Tourism disturbs wildlife e.g. animals including birds in the Okavango are disturbed by the noise made by motorboats and motor vehicles.
- Tourism can directly affect wildlife due to littering of the environment or protected areas. Some of the roads are littered along their sides, even some of the camping sites are sometimes left with a lot of litter.
- Some of the irresponsible tourists and poachers are involved in vandalism especially inside the parks. Trees are indiscriminately destroyed as well as fences.
- Tourists are said to be partly involved in the disruptions or changes in the culture of some of the local people.
- Local cultures could be looked down on as barbaric, outrageous or freak shows.
- Tourism is also blamed for the increase in prostitution as well as the spread of diseases including HIV-Aids.
- Tourism is occupying a large land due to the creation of national parks and game reserves. Although Botswana is a large country with a small population, there is still a serious competition for land.