Wheat is the common name for members of the genus Triticum of the grass family (Gramineae) and for the cereal grains produced by these grasses. Wheat figures among the three most-produced cereals in the world, along with corn and rice. Canada is the world’s sixth-largest producer and one of the largest exporters of wheat, annually producing an average of over 25 million tonnes and exporting around 15 million tonnes.
The following are problems facing wheat farming/production in Canada:
- Fluctuation in world prices of what has led to farmers being uncertain about their earnings turning to growing of crop with better earning.
- The soils have become exhausted due to long use leading to lower quality yields.
- The occurrence of summer heatwaves, frost, hailstones, prolonged winter, and drought have destroyed wheat crops leading to lower yields. Lower quality.
- Due to pests disease, the farmers have to spray the crop with crop chemicals hence increasing the cost of production lowers the quality or quantity produced
- Canada faces competition from other wheat-producing countries which has reduced the market for its produce
- The frozen waterways in winter limit accessibility to the markets.