Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe. The best data, in 2014, gives a total of slightly less than 3.5 million km of pipeline in 120 countries of the world. The United States had 65%, Russia had 8%, and Canada had 3%, thus 75% of all pipeline was in three countries.
Liquid petroleum pipelines are usually the only feasible way to transport significant volumes by land over long distances. Without pipelines, our streets and highways would be overwhelmed by the trucks trying to keep up with the nation’s demand for petroleum products. It would take a constant line of tanker trucks, about 750 per day, loading up and moving out every two minutes, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, to move the volume of even a modest pipeline. The railroad equivalent of this single pipeline would be a train of 75 2,000-barrel tank rail cars every day. Almost all-natural gas is moved by pipeline.
The following are reasons why Kenyan government are expanding pipeline transport:
- To reduce the congestion on the damage of roads by tankers
- To reduce road accidents by tankers
- To reduce congestion of oil terminus
- Pipeline transport is cheaper compared to road transport
- Pipeline transport is more reliable/convenient than road
- To reduce contamination wastage/loss of the oil products/while being transported
- It s a faster means of transporting water
- It transports larger volume of oil/water