Procedures you should follow to determine postion of place in the map using bearing and distance




Bearing is the expression of direction using degree of an angle. the following are procedure to be followed when determining position of the place by bearing and distance  when you asked to determine a position of A from B

  • Obtain the map needed
  • Consider the points A and B and identify the distance needed
  • Measure the distance between the two places and convert it into ground distance. for example given the FR scale is 1:50000, and the map distance obtained is 9cm therefore actual ground distance will be 4.5km
  • Give the position by distance i.e B is situated 4.5km from A




  • Give the position by bearing follow these procedures
  1. Join the two places by straight line
  2. Draw the four major points of the compass at the place of reference i.e point A
  3. Using protractor measure the angle (from north) clockwise until you get to the line joining A and B
  4. Give the position by bearing e.g point B bear at 95 degrees east from A 
  5. Give the overall position, that is point B bears at  4.5km point a. 95 degrees East.

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