Twenty (20) actions to be taken to cope with climate change.

Climate change refers to the shift in global temperatures and precipitation overtime. It is a long term alteration in the weather patterns especially temperature and storm activity. In other words it is the man made or natural shift in average atmospheric conditions overtime.
The basic cause is the human activities that emit green house gases (GHGs) into the atmosphere that then lead to global warming. The common GHGs include carbon dioxide (CO2), Nitrous oxide (N2O), Methane (CH4), HydroFluoroCarbons (HCFs), Perfluorocarbons (PCFs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and Halons.


The following are action or adjustment measures to cope with climate change:

  • Sensitization of the community on climate change and capacity building for resilience in schools, churches, communities etc.
  • Tree planting/afforestation and forest or wildlife protection
  • Rain water harvesting.
  • Construction of water reservoirs/dams and community ponds for irrigation.
  • Conservation of the available water resources – behavioral change towards water use.
  • Planting different crops and those that are tolerant to drought i.e. adaptation to agricultural production suited to changed weather patterns.
  • Diversification of livelihoods for alternative incomes in case of disasters.
  • Land degradation management.
  • Enhanced disease and pests monitoring and control.
  • Recycling and reusing waster where possible/proper waste management.
  • Adoption of energy saving technologies thru research.
  • Use of indigenous knowledge e.g. in food preservation or grain storage.
  • Establishment of demonstration farms to train farmers on improved farming techniques.
  • Integration of climate change into research, development plans and budgets etc.

Mitigation activities:
The causes of climate change can be reduced by preventing/reducing on the emission of greenhouse gases. This can be through the following:

  • Tree planting/growing (afforestation /reforestation and agro-forestry). Planting more trees in urban areas
  • Energy efficiency and energy saving technologies e.g. energy saving stoves, construction of well ventilated houses.
  • Use of renewable/alternative energy: HEP, wind energy, solar, biogas etc.

 Image result for wind energy

  • Changing the transport mode i.e. using vehicles that are more fuel-efficient and use of public transport such as buses, trains etc. or cycling.
  • Route and road construction planning.
  • Wetland conservation e.g. bye-Law enforcement.
  • Avoiding deforestation and forest degradation.
  • Proper waste management e.g. compositing and re-using or recycling of waste
  • Stopping the use fire as way to clear land for farming.
  • Using less fertilizer and adopt better feed mixtures for livestock.
  • Population control through family planning and information reproductive health.

Instruments and items found in every weather station. 

 Prominent features of stevenson screen.

Causes and effects of sea and land breeze.


Five (5) general characteristics of tropical desert climate.

Four (4) general characteristics of tropical mansoon climate.

Three (3) types of rainfall.

Ten (10) types of clouds.

Six (6) effects of climate on human activities.

Difference between Greek system and Koppen’s system of climate classification.

Classes and procedures used to classify airmasses.

The whole mechanism of cloud formation. – July 23, 2015

Nine (9) characteristics of arid areas in East Africa.

Seven (7) types of fog.


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