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challenges which have necessitated review of the 1992 policy and adoption of new 2006 population policy include the following.
- Increased forms and levels of gender-based violence, traditional harmful practices including FGM, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment of children
- Need for relevant and affordable quality education and training at all levels
- High prevalence of STIs, HIV and AIDS
- High levels of adolescent pregnancies and early child bearing
- Frequent pregnancies and deliveries
- Increasing unemployment due to poor economic performance parallel with rapid labor force growth
- Persistently high maternal, infant and child mortality
- Rapid and unplanned urban growth
- Low status accorded to women in society
- Inadequate programmes to address specific reproductive health needs of particular population groups
- Increased incidence of drug and substance abuse
- xii. Increasing needs of disadvantaged groups, including orphans.