Research may be defined as the systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observation that may lead to the development of generalizations, principles, or theories, resulting in prediction and possibly ultimate control of an event.
The following are two types of research:
Basic research, This is the kind of research conducted for the aim of generating and expanding knowledge. It includes generalization and formulation of principles or theories.
The fundamental research is sometimes carried on in a laboratory or other sterile environment, sometimes with animals. This type of research has no immediate or planned applications, may later result in further research of an applied nature.
Characteristics of basic research are:
- It is conducted in a specific area for example in the laboratory.
- It takes a long time to conduct as it involves the investigation of a particular problem.
- It uses animals as study samples
- It is done for the aim of generating and expanding knowledge.
- It uses scientific procedures to solve immediate problems
Applied research is a type of research that uses the knowledge generated from basic research to solve immediate problems.
Characteristics of applied research are;
- It can be conducted at any place.
- It is used to solve immediate problems.
- Uses human being as the study sample
- It is a work of educators.
- It can be used to improve the teaching and learning process.