10 difference between weather and climate

Difference between weather and climate

Weather can be defined as the physical condition or state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Most weather happen the part of the earth’s surface called the troposphere

Climate is defined as generalized or average condition of weather of a place or region. the average of weather condition is taken over a long period not less than 30 years of time to establish the climate of the place.

It is a composite or generalized of the variety of day to day weather conditions.

Difference between weather and climate

Sr NoWeatherClimate
1Instantaneous physical state of atmosphere at particular place.Normal physical state or generated condition of atmosphere or long term average condition of a place.
2Weather changes refer to specific instant of time( day or week)It is generalized over a longer span of time and for a longer area.
3It is expressed in terms of numerical values of meteorological elements.It is expressed in terms of time averages and area averages of meteorological elements.
4Weather is measured in observatory. So the observatory must at a place for which weather is to be described.This is derived information on regional basis. So scripts of observatories extending over a region are necessary.
5No statistical treatment is applied to the meteorological elements. They are used as observed and hence always changing.Application of statistical method over a longer period I done. It is more or less stable with few random changes.
6it provides meteorological information.It constitutes geographical information in respect of weather.
7Weather of two places having same numerical value must be the same.Climate of the two places having the same averages of weather can not be same, because their distribution over the years may be different.
8Weather can be categorized as fair, unfair, excellent etc.Climate is classified as desert climate, marine climate, tropical climate etc.
9Weather decides the success or failure of a crop in a particular season.Climate decides the type of crop suitable for a region, while introducing new crops climate is considered.
10Adverse weather results into crop failure or loss and warrants short term contingent planning.Climate is considered in long terms agricultural planning.


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