Weather can be defined as the physical condition or state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Most weather happen the part of the earth’s surface called the troposphere
Climate is defined as generalized or average condition of weather of a place or region. the average of weather condition is taken over a long period not less than 30 years of time to establish the climate of the place.
It is a composite or generalized of the variety of day to day weather conditions.
Difference between weather and climate
|1||Instantaneous physical state of atmosphere at particular place.||Normal physical state or generated condition of atmosphere or long term average condition of a place.|
|2||Weather changes refer to specific instant of time( day or week)||It is generalized over a longer span of time and for a longer area.|
|3||It is expressed in terms of numerical values of meteorological elements.||It is expressed in terms of time averages and area averages of meteorological elements.|
|4||Weather is measured in observatory. So the observatory must at a place for which weather is to be described.||This is derived information on regional basis. So scripts of observatories extending over a region are necessary.|
|5||No statistical treatment is applied to the meteorological elements. They are used as observed and hence always changing.||Application of statistical method over a longer period I done. It is more or less stable with few random changes.|
|6||it provides meteorological information.||It constitutes geographical information in respect of weather.|
|7||Weather of two places having same numerical value must be the same.||Climate of the two places having the same averages of weather can not be same, because their distribution over the years may be different.|
|8||Weather can be categorized as fair, unfair, excellent etc.||Climate is classified as desert climate, marine climate, tropical climate etc.|
|9||Weather decides the success or failure of a crop in a particular season.||Climate decides the type of crop suitable for a region, while introducing new crops climate is considered.|
|10||Adverse weather results into crop failure or loss and warrants short term contingent planning.||Climate is considered in long terms agricultural planning.|