This type of climate is experienced in several parts of East Africa mainly adjacent to the semi-arid region e.g. the Western parts of Karamoja, the Southern Nyika plateau, parts of Western Tanzania etc.
This type of climate is characterized by the following;
- Rainfall received ranges between 760mm – 1000mm. This is a relatively low amount of rainfall compared to other tropical climates. The dry season can last for up to 8 months, and the wet season is usually short and intense. The rain is often concentrated in the form of thunderstorms.
- Rainfall is seasonal though the dry seasons tend to be long. The rainy season is usually from November to April, and the dry season is from May to October. However, the exact timing of the seasons can vary from year to year.
- There are high temperatures experienced, average temperatures tend to be above 30°C. The temperatures ranges are high approximately 10 -15°C. The average temperature in a dry tropical climate is typically above 30°C. The temperature range is also high, with a difference of 10-15°C between the day and night temperatures.
- There is limited cloud cover. The lack of cloud cover allows for the sun’s rays to reach the ground, which contributes to the high temperatures.
- There is low atmospheric humidity i.e. less than 40%. The low humidity can make the climate feel hot and dry. It can also be uncomfortable for people who are not used to the climate.
- Flora: The plants that grow in dry tropical climates have adapted to the harsh climate conditions. They have thick, waxy leaves that help to reduce water loss. Some common plants in dry tropical climates include cacti, succulents, and thorny shrubs.
- Fauna: The animals that live in dry tropical climates have also adapted to the harsh climate conditions. They are often nocturnal or burrow underground during the day to avoid the heat. Some common animals in dry tropical climates include reptiles, birds, and mammals.
- Agriculture: Agriculture is difficult in dry tropical climates, but some crops can be grown, such as dates, figs, and olives. These crops are drought-resistant and can tolerate the high temperatures. However, agriculture in dry tropical climates is often dependent on irrigation.
- Human settlement: Human settlement is sparse in dry tropical climates, due to the harsh climate conditions. However, some people do live in these areas, often in small villages or towns.
The dry tropical climate is found in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Australia. It is a harsh climate that can be difficult to live in. However, some people have adapted to the climate and have developed ways to survive in it.
Here are some of the challenges of living in a dry tropical climate:
- The high temperatures can be uncomfortable and can lead to heat stress.
- The lack of rain can make it difficult to grow crops and raise livestock.
- The low humidity can make the air feel dry and dusty.
- The limited cloud cover can make the climate feel hot and sunny all day long.
Here are some of the ways people have adapted to living in a dry tropical climate:
- They have learned to conserve water.
- They have developed crops that are drought-resistant.
- They have built shelters that are designed to keep out the heat and sun.
- They have developed ways to collect and store rainwater.
The dry tropical climate is a challenging climate, but it is also a beautiful and diverse climate. It is home to a wide variety of plants and animals, and it is a place where people have learned to live in harmony with the environment.