Seven (7) importance of earth’s atmosphere.

The Atmosphere can be defined as the gaseous envelope surrounding the earth.
Atmosphere can also be defined as a grand body from the earth surface to the outer space and composed of number of gases.
The estimated mass of the atmosphere is 5.6 x 1014 metric tones. It extends over about 400 km height and meteorological events and effects occur in it. The thickness of gaseous envelope is equal to 1% of the earth’s mean radius.

USEFULNESS OF ATMOSPHERE

Usefulness of the atmosphere:

  • It fulfills the biological oxygen demand (BOD) of the animal life. 
  • It supplies the necessary precipitation or moisture.  
  • It protects the biological life on the planet from harmful extraterrestrial radiations like UV, by absorbing it though ozone.  
  • It maintains the warmth of the planet through its green house effect, avoiding the temperature to fall to too extreme limits.(The earth’s temperature in the absence of atmosphere would have been +950C (day),and -1450C (Night)  
  • It provides the necessary CO2 which is basic input required to run photosynthesis process in plants to build biomass.  
  • It provides the necessary medium for the transport of pollen. Seeds spores and insets. Many physical chemical and hydrological processes responsible for weather and climate occur in atmosphere only.  
  • Atmosphere is a big reservoir of nitrogen. Some plants and microbes can fix this nitrogen for plant growth eg, Azolla pinara Azotobacter.

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