Seven (7) advantages of water transport.

Seven (7) advantages of water transport

Water transport is the cheapest and the oldest mode of transport. It operates on a natural track and hence does not require huge capital investment in the construction and maintenance of its track except in case of canals. The cost of operation of water transport is also very less. It has the largest carrying capacity and is most suitable for carrying bulky goods over long distances. It has played a very significant role in bringing different parts of the world closer and is indispensable to foreign trade.

Seven (7) advantages of water transport
disadvantages of water transport

The following are advantages of water transport:

  • Larger Capacity: It can carry much larger quantities of heavy and bulky goods such as coal, and, timber etc. 
  • Flexible Service: It provides much more flexible service than railways and can be adjusted to individual requirements.  
  • Safety: The risks of accidents and breakdowns, in this form of transport, are minimum as compared to any other form of transport.  
  • Flexible Service: It provides much more flexible service than railways and can be adjusted to individual requirements.  
  • Low Cost: Rivers are a natural highway which does not require any cost of construction and maintenance. Even the cost of construction and maintenance of canals is much less or they are used, not only for transport purposes but also for irrigation, etc. Moreover, the cost of operation of the inland water transport is very low. Thus, it is the cheapest mode of transport for carrying goods from one place to another.  
  • Less Maintenance Cost: Maintenance cost in rail and road transport is quite high but maintenance cost of water transport is quite less.  
  • Useful During Natural Calamities: During natural calamities like flood and rains, when rail and road transport is disrupted, relief operations can be operated through water transport.

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