Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. It is also commonly referred to as train transport.
Railway transport has several advantages over other means of passenger/goods transportation, including:
- Safety: Railway accident averages and related injuries and deaths are much lower than those of other means of transportation such as motor vehicles.
- Speed: The Average time needed to transport people or materials from one point to another by railway has become quite competitive with other means of transportation, and is being continuously improved by increasing train speeds, reducing the length of their routes, etc.
- Capacity: Trains are capable of carrying a larger number of passengers and greater volumes of goods that other means of transportation cannot handle.
- Comfort: Trains offer passengers more comfort and freedom of movement inside the trains’ cars.
- Environmental protection: Trains are considered one of the most energy-efficient means of transportation. To transport one passenger one kilometre, a car needs twice to five times the energy consumed by a train. This average increases from four to eight times in the case of an aircraft.
- Traffic jam reduction: Utilizing trains to convey such big numbers of passengers and high volumes of goods means fewer cars and trucks on the roads, i.e., fewer accidents, less pollution, and less time wasted.
- Economic Feasibility: Based on the above benefits, railway transportation reduces the cost of transporting passengers and materials as well as road maintenance costs.