Population policy is the document prepared by the government to modify the way the population is changing either by promoting large families or immigration to increase its size or by encouraging birth control to reduce it.
the population policy can be implicit or explicit.
Explicit population policy set measures of how to directly control population for example by setting the number of children each family should have.
Implicit population policy on the other hand control population and its variables indirectly.
The achievements of both past implicit and explicit Tanzanian population policies include the following.
- Increased awareness of population issues
- Fertility, infant and child mortality has declined over time; while the average life expectancy at birth has been going up.
- Awareness of HIV and AIDS has reached over 95 percent among men and women above 15 years of age.
- Increased awareness of the links and interrelationships between population, resources, the environment and development at all levels
- Expansion and/or introduction of population studies in institutions of higher learning in the country
- Increased number and capacity of NGOs and Faith Based Organizations (FBOs) engaged in population related activities including advocacy and social mobilization, service delivery and capacity building
- Modern contraceptive prevalence rate increased from about 18.4 percent in 1996 to 26 percent in 2004 (TDHS) due to an increase in knowledge and awareness among women of reproductive age.
- Increased involvement and support of policy by lawmakers on population issues through the formation and operations of the Tanzania Parliamentary Association on Population and Development (TPAPD), Parliamentarians’ Group on HIV and AIDS and the African Women Ministers and Parliamentarians (Tanzania Chapter)
- Integration of Family Life Education (FLE) into secondary school and Teacher Training College curricula
- Integration of HIV and AIDS education into primary and secondary school and Teacher Training College curricula
- Establishment of Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS) and adoption of National Policy on HIV and AIDS
- Formulation and implementation of National Multi-sectoral Strategic Framework and the Health sector strategy for HIV and AIDS 2003 – 2007
- Formulation of National Policy Guidelines for Reproductive and Child Health Services
- The National Plan of Action 2001 – 2025 accelerated the elimination of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and harmful traditional practices.
- Increased allocation of resources for research, training and data collection
- Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health (ASRH) Strategy
- Formulation of programme of implementation of the National Population Policy (NPP), mobilization of domestic and foreign resources for implementing population programs
- Formulation of Gender and Women Development Policy
- Improved framework for and intensified action on gender mainstreaming