13 factors influencing the development of agriculture




Agriculture is the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products

The following are factors that influence agriculture

Human factors

  • Levels of education and technology 
  • Health – HIV/AIDS and health in general 
  • Economy (include liberalization) 
  • Transport and communication 
  • Market forces (local and international) 
  • Government policy.
  • Cultural and religious beliefs.




Biotic Factors

  • Pests 
  • Parasites 
  • Decomposers 
  • Pathogens 
  • Predators 
  • Pollinators 
  • Nitrogen fixing bacteria

Climatic Factors

  • Rainfall intensity, reliability, quantity and distribution

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