Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. It is also commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are also directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. In east Africa there are several railways such as that from Dar es salaam to Kigali in Tanzania, from Mombasa to Kampala in Uganda and from Dar es salaam to Ndola Zambia.
The following are problems facing railway transportation in east Africa:
- Shortage of capital to maintain and establish new railways.
- Old fashioned technology which make the railways carry less cargo compared to modern standard gauge
- Poor government policies which favor development of roads instead of railways.
- Embezzlement of funds allocated to railway maintenance and administration
- Competition from other means of transportation such as roads which is more fast
- Poor administration which make many railway corporation run under capacity