Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small-scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism.
Its purpose may be to educate the traveler, to provide funds for ecological conservation, to directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities, or to foster respect for different cultures and for human rights.
In fact, eco tourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel.
Therefore those who implement and participate in eco tourism activities should follow the following ecotourism principles
- build cultural and environment awareness and respect
- provide positive experience for both visitors and hosts
- provide direct financial benefits for conservation
- provide financial benefits and empowerment for the local people
- raise sensitivity to host country’s political environment and social climate