key terms used in asking essay questions and their meaning

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Knowledge

Describe – give a clear meaning, a diagram should be used whenever possible.
list – itemize

outline – give main details in order
other words: name, identify, label, select

Comprehension

compare – look for things that resemble each other, emphasize similarities




contrast – look for things that are not the same, differences

distinguish – separate of differentiate

explain – describe clearly and give reasons while trying to analyze the causes

interpret – translate, give your judgement

relate – show how things are related or connected to each other, or are like each other other words: arrange, estimate.

Application

apply – interpret what you see in terms of a model, or a law

demonstrate – point out, show or display, or prove
other words: construct, discuss critically, differentiate, explain giving examples, modify, propose,
predict, relate, solve.




Analysis 

Outline – organize a description under main points.

Relate – show how things are related or connected to each other other words: differentiate, distinguish, illustrate, point out, select, subdivide.

Synthesis

Summarize – give the main points in a reduced form
other words: categorize, combine, compile
Evaluation  




Justify – prove or give reasons for conclusions
other words: evaluate, interpret, support, verify.

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