14 constraints in achieving food security in East African Community

14 constraints in achieving food security in East Africa community




Although, food security plays an important role in achieving regional development objectives, it is constrained by;

  • Low and unstable production and productivity occasioned by over-reliance on rain-fed agricultural production systems.Low surface water storage per capita in the EAC region.
  •  Inefficient utilization of water resources for agricultural production.
  • Low capacity on rain water harvesting
  • Poor or no access to affordable agricultural credit by resource poor producers.
  • Low producer prices making agriculture less remunerative.
  • Uncertainty in income flows due to price volatility in agricultural commodities.
  • Inadequate and weak farmer’s institutions incapable of supporting a vibrant agricultural sector.
  • Inadequate infrastructure such as transport, communications, storage and processing facilities etc that hinders access to factor and product markets within, between Partner States and beyond.




  • low usage of agriculture production enhancing inputs such as fertilizer, improved seeds, agrochemicals and veterinary drugs etc
  • Inadequate institutional support to livestock production systems in arid and semi arid areas.
  • Inadequate institutional support to the fishing industry including capture and aquaculture fisheries.
  • Increased frequency and severity of extreme weather such as floods and drought as a result of global warming and climate change, adversely affecting food production.
  • Inadequate flow of information on the adverse climate change impacts and actions to the producers
  • Prevalence of HIV/AIDS and other tropical human and animal trans boundary diseases that not only divert the already constrained resources from agricultural production but also waste the labour force.
  • Increased pressure on natural resources and degradation of environment due to rapid population growth, poor soil management practices, overgrazing etc.
  • High post harvest losses due to inadequate/lack of food storage and processing facilities.
  • Disruption of food production and distribution due to social unrest and political instability.
  • Inappropriate and low adoption of production technologies by farmers due to weak research –extension-farmers linkages
  • Inadequate food access particular among the vulnerable population /resources poor population.
  • Gender imbalances in access to opportunities in production, marketing and consumptions, access and control of productive resources.



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