7 characteristics of equatorial climate.

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Location of the climate.

  • The climate is experienced by the areas located close to the equator between 5 degrees north and 5 degrees south of the equator. 
  • The climate is located in the Congo Basin, the West African coasts, in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Cameroon.  
  • The climate is found also on Lake Victoria shores and islands though it is modified by the altitude.  
  • It is found also in the coastal areas and the eastern parts of Pemba and Zanzibar Islands.
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Characteristics of equatorial climate.

  • The high mean annual temperature of about 270C.  
  • Uniformly high temperatures of about 30Cwith only a small annual range. 
  • High relative humidity of about 80%.  
  • Abundant rainfall of 2000 mm on average.  
  • Double maxima rainfall around April and October each year.  
  • Rainfall is accompanied by thunder and lightning.  
  • Absence of distinct dry season.

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