Dairy farming is a system of rearing cattle for milk and milk products.
Farmers in both Kenya and Denmark involve themselves in dairy farming but there are notable differences in how they conduct dairy farming.
The following are ways in which dairy farming in Kenya is different from dairy farming in Denmark:
- In Kenya, cattle mainly depend on natural growing grass/pasture whereas in Denmark the cattle is fed on fodder and commercial feeds
- In Kenya mechanization is limited/mainly labour intensive whereas in Denmark mechanization is widely used
- In Kenya, most farmers practice mixed farming while in Denmark dairy farming is highly specialized
- In Kenya, most of the dairy products are consumed by the domestic market
- In Kenya, dairy production is affected by variation in a climate wherein in Denmark, dairy farming is least affected by variations in climate
- In Kenya, the dairy cooperative movement is less developed whereas In Denmark cooperative movement is highly developed
- In Kenya, artificial insemination/extension services is limited to a few farms whereas in Den mark artificial insemination /extension services are widely used
- In Kenya animals graze outdoors throughout the year whereas in Denmark animals are kept in doors during winter;
- In Kenya research is limited whereas in Denmark research is extensive;
- In Kenya, Dairy farming is mainly practiced in the high lands whereas in Denmark is found throughout the country.
Organization of dairy farms in Denmark
The dairy farmers in Denmark depend mainly on fodder. This is because climatic conditions do not favour the growing of grass all year round and also fodder is more nutritious compared to natural grass
During the winter (6 months between to), the dairy animals are kept indoors and fed on fodder
The rest of the months (summer), the dairy cows are grazed outdoor on natural pasture
Dairy farming is done by individual farmers on a very large scale. The farms are heavily mechanized e.g. machines are used in milking
Every dairy farmer belongs to a dairy cooperative that provides research, processing and credit facilities
Types of animals kept are Danish Red (traditional cow), Friesian, Ayrshire, Jersey, Guernsey and Alderney.
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