Environmental conservation refers to the protection of the environment from being destructed through practicing various ways of environment protection such as destocking, afforestation, recycling wastes, and planting of cover plants.
In other words, environment conservation is the whole process of making sure that the environment does not deteriorate in quality and the environment which has been deteriorated in any way is restored to its former better condition.
environmental conservation is very important because it helps us to ensure that we continue to benefit from resources provided by our environments such as getting clean air, protecting the earth from climate change, preserving water sources, and getting food and medicines.
Destruction of the environment has led to a number of problems such as a decline in agricultural production, an increase in diseases related to the polluted environment such as cancer, and extinction of various species of plant and animals
It is the responsibility of everyone to ensure that our environment is conserved since a better environment is good for all of us.
There are several ways we can use to conserve the environment such as
De-stocking (reducing the number of livestock)
This refers to the process of reducing the number of animals in the environment because when the number of animals increases in the environment, they can feed on all the plants which help to prevent soil erosion or landslides.
Therefore reducing the number of cattle help to conserve the environment since less cattle means less grass and plants are destroyed which in turn help to restore areas that were once overgrazed
Afforestation and Reforestation
refer to the process of planting trees in bare land and replanting trees in the presence of other trees.
For example in some parts of Dodoma Tanzania where there was serious soil erosion afforestation has helped to reduce erosion and stabilize the ecosystem.
Control industrial gases and industrial sewage system
the industrial location should be far apart from the water sources.
Industrial waste is one of the sources of water and soil pollution hence control of this waste can be very useful in conserving the environment.
Industrial wastes and gases can be controlled by treating them before dumping them and taxing the industries to raise money which can be used to clean the environment of the industrial wastes.
Practicing proper irrigation skills
When irrigation is practiced improperly especially on land with slopes the water can wear out the nutrients and cause poor production.
Control of industrial fertilizers
instead of depending on industrial fertilizer, we can use manure since manure has no effect on the soil while industrial fertilizers add acid to the soil.
fertilizers from farms drain into water bodies and cause eutrophication, therefore, farmers should be encouraged to use farming methods which conserve both the soil and the nearby water bodies
To control fishing activities
the bad fishing methods should be discouraged for example through charging and punishing for those who practice bad fishing methods.
fishermen destroy the environment through overfishing and using chemical in their fishing activities therefore the government should enact laws and make sure only sustainable ways of fishing are used
Control construction of roads and buildings
this help to avoid construction of building on steep slopes because this can accelerate soil erosion.
spread awareness on the importance of environmental conservation
in order to increase the speed of environmental conservation, people should know the importance of environmental conservation and how they can help in the process.
many people destroy the environment simply because they do not know the impact of their actions and sometimes people who wish to be part of the conservation process lack the knowhow of environmental conservation
encouragement of environmentally friendly technology.
to conserve the environment the government and other stakeholders must encourage and use more environmentally friendly technology such as electric vehicles and solar power.
also in rural areas, electricity and energy efficient technology should be supplied at a reasonable prices to help discourage deforestation.