LANDFORMS ASSOCIATED WITH FAULTING PROCESS

LANDFORMS ASSOCIATED WITH FAULTING PROCESS

The fault is a crack or fracture on the earth’s crust due to the displacement of rock due to earth movement. Faulting is the process that leads to the occurrence of the fault. Tension force leads to the formation which leads to the formation of normal fault while the compression force leads to the formation of reverse fault. The following are landforms that can result from the faulting process. 

   Block mountains.

this is a raised highland,  fault bordered block which occurs due to raising up of block during faulting. Uplifted or raised blocks may be tilted to form a tilted block or maybe horizontal to form Horst. Example of block mountains includes mountain such as the black forest in German and Ruwenzori in Uganda.


Image result for block mountain

Rift valley

it is major landforms, resulting from the lowering of a relatively narrow strip of rock between parallel faults. The most impressive rift valley system in the world is the great rift valley of Africa which extends for over 7600 km from near to Beira in Mozambique to the gulf of Aquaba into Jordan.. rift valley can be formed by both tension and compression forces. 

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Fault steps.

These form when a series of parallel faults develop in the region and land between these faults is uplifted at different levels. The landscape forms a series of fault scarp that looks like steps. a good example can be seen at Kijabe west of Nairobi and the Malawi rift

basins and plateaus.

These features result from the warping o the earth’s crust. Uplifted areas due to wrapping which have a high level of undulating landforms are called plateaus while depressed areas form basins. Examples of plateaus and basins include the Lake Victoria basin in East Africa  Deccan plateau and the Bolivian plateau


 Image result for basin and plateaus

 To sum up, the faulting process  is one of the processes of endogenic geomorphology and is caused by things like tectonic plate movement, earthquake and volcanic eruption

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