HUMAN SETTLEMENT

Settlement is the place where people live. Also settlement can be defined as organised human habitation it can be a single home or bustling metropolis.

Types of settlement.

Settlement can be classified as rural or urban settlement

  • Rural settlement . These settlement are generally small and sparsely populated. There are low population density in rural area compared to urban area. Generally the majority of people in rural areas are engaging in agriculture and other primary extractive activities such as fishing and hunting. Most settlement in villages of east Africa are rural settlement.
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  • Urban settlement. Urban settlement are generally large and densely populated. Majority of people in urban areas are engaging in non-agricultural activities such as trade,tourism, and manufacturing. Examples of urban settlement in east Africa include settlement found in cities like Dar es salaam , Nairobi and Kampala
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Defining settlement in terms of rural and urban areas makes sense.After all there are many difference between the two. But there is major problem with defining rural and urban settlement because there is no consensus on what makes a rural settlement and what makes an urban one. For example , some small villages in India and China are more populated than large town and small cities in America and Europe. Are those small villages rural or urban ? It depend on who you ask.therefore difficult arise because there is no agreement on what exactly makes a place a rural or urban.

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